Chinese traditional diet regime
Dietary Health Law The general diet and health method refers to the method of maintaining life through the rehabilitation of the diet.
Traditional diet and health care refers to the study of the nature of food under the guidance of traditional medical theories, the use of diet to achieve nutrition, maintain or promote health, and prevent diseases.
China’s original classic Chinese classics, Huang Di Nei Jing, pointed out that the human body needs to 鈥渢ake grain as a nutrient, five fruits as a help, five animals as a benefit, five dishes as a charge, and a scent to serve, to replenish the essence鈥? meaningSay how much the variety of food, the grain and meat dishes should be matched with each other, in order to achieve a balanced diet.
The traditional Chinese diet and health sciences are particularly prominent, and the views of yin and yang and the trial of dietary use are adjusted, which is unique in nutrition and health care.
銆€銆€Heaven and man correspond to the human body’s diet should be compatible with the natural environment in which they live.
For example, people living in the surrounding environment should eat some spicy food in moderation to expel cold and dampness.
In addition, the diets of different periods throughout the year should also be adapted to the climatic conditions at that time. For example, if the summer weather is hot, you should choose cold foods to cool off heat, eat staple rice, barley food, and drink more green bean soup.Eat more fruits, watermelons and other cold foods; do not eat chili, cinnamon and other spicy foods, but also limit the amount of warm meat absorption to avoid yang.
In winter, the weather should be cold. You should choose warm food to increase the temperature. For example, in red mutton, dog meat and other warm foods, add some hot products such as pepper, pepper, cinnamon, etc. to increase the warming effect.
銆€銆€Adjusting yin and yang refers to regulating the balance of yin and yang in the human body through a reasonable diet.
Traditional health studies believe that under normal circumstances, the human body should maintain the health condition of 鈥淵in Ping Yang Mi鈥?(ie, yin and yang balance), and if the body loses the balance of yin and yang, disease will occur.
People often use turtles, turtle meat, white fungus, bird’s nest, etc. to nourish yin and spleen, nourishing yin and moistening to supplement yin deficiency, commonly used mutton, dog meat, venison, shrimp, etc. to warm the kidney and strengthen the yang, and improve the essence to fill the yang, bothIt is the concrete embodiment of the diet to adjust yin and yang.
銆€銆€The trial of meals refers to the reasonable allocation of expenses according to the individual’s physical condition.
We know that human beings need a comprehensive and balanced variety of nutrients, so the “Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic” puts forward “the meat and vegetables of the valley, and eats it.”
Under the prevention of comprehensive nutrition, the diet should be appropriately adapted according to the individual’s situation.
If you are physically fit, you should eat a lighter diet. It is not advisable to eat too much and it is difficult to digest and spicy.
Those who are weak in constitution should eat more foods that have better effect on the egg and milk, and eat less cold vegetables and fruits.
Because of yang deficiency, there are symptoms such as chills and cold limbs, Shenpi fatigue and other symptoms, should eat more mutton, dog meat, shrimp and other warm aphrodisiac food, and avoid the use of snails, crab meat and other cold products.
If you have yin and have five hearts (palm, heart and chest), you should eat more fruits, vegetables, fruits and dairy products. The diet should be light, and avoid spicy heat.Warmth.
銆€銆€Traditional Dietary Health’s Classification of Foods Traditional dietetics focuses on regulating the body’s yin and yang according to the “sexual taste” of food, nourishing the internal organs and preventing diseases.
Therefore, in traditional health education, food is also divided into different types according to its “sexual taste”.
銆€銆€According to its “sex”, food can be divided into five categories: heat, warm, flat, cool and cold.
Among the foods we eat daily, most of them are flat foods, followed by warmers and those with coldest temperatures.
銆€銆€Hot food: mustard, food fish, cinnamon, pepper, pepper, etc.
銆€銆€Warm food: glutinous rice, glutinous rice, chestnuts, jujube, walnut, almond, leeks, cumin, coriander, pumpkin, ginger, onion, garlic, longan, lychee, papaya, cherry, pomegranate, ebony, toon, bergamot, squid, squid, squid, shrimp, sea cucumber, goose egg, chicken, lamb, dog meat, venison and so on.
銆€銆€Flat food: rice, corn, peanuts, soybeans, broad beans, red beans, black soybeans, peas, lentils, sweet potatoes, potatoes, taro, lotus seeds, hazelnuts, medlar, mushrooms, white fungus, black fungus, cabbage, leeks, kohlrabi, yuanCabbage, carrot, onion, plum, fig, grape, yellow croaker, squid, herring, squid, squid, squid, squid, loach, egg, milk, beef, pork, goose, turtle, clam meat, duckWait.
銆€銆€Cool food: millet, barley, wheat, buckwheat, glutinous rice, mung bean, tofu, water chestnut, mushroom, eggplant, white radish, winter melon, loofah, rapeseed, spinach, leeks, celery, oranges, oranges, apples, pears, duck eggs, etc.
銆€銆€Cold food: bitter gourd, tomato, cucumber, bracken, bamboo shoots, white, lotus root, lotus root, sugar cane, persimmon, banana, mulberry, watermelon, melon, seaweed, kelp, clam meat, snail and so on.
銆€銆€According to its “taste”, food can be divided into five categories: Xin, Gan, Acid, Bitter and Salty.
Among the five flavors, the sweetest food is the most, the salty and sour taste is the second, the spicy taste can be, and the bitterness is the least.
銆€銆€Sweet food: rice noodles, vegetables, dried fruits, chicken, duck and fish.
銆€銆€Sour food: tomatoes, hawthorn, grapes, apricots, lemons, oranges, etc.
銆€銆€Spicy food: ginger, green onions, onions, peppers, leeks, etc.
銆€銆€Savoury food: seafood, pork, dog meat, pork viscera, etc.
銆€銆€Bitter food: bitter gourd, bitter vegetables, etc.
銆€銆€The normal diet should be based on sweet food, while the other four flavors are balanced.
When the climate is cold or the wind is cold, the consumption of hot food can be increased appropriately to eliminate the cold.
When the climate is hot or has a hot sexually transmitted disease, some bitter or cold foods may be added as appropriate to reduce heat and reduce fire.
Slightly bitter taste in the diet, can be appetizing and digestion.Dietary salty foods have the effect of tonifying kidney and improving essence.
銆€銆€The so-called “return” of food means that different foods have different nourishing and therapeutic effects on the internal organs.
For example, traditional health studies believe that wheat, mung beans, red beans, watermelon, lotus seeds, longan meat, etc. belong to the heart, have the effect of nourishing the heart and soothe the nerves.
Millet, rice, soybeans, glutinous rice, hawthorn, apple, jujube, etc. belong to the spleen, have the effect of strengthening the spleen and stomach.
Tomatoes, cherries, rapeseed, toon, etc., have the effect of relieving liver and regulating qi.
White radish, carrots, celery, persimmons, ginger, green onions and other lungs are beneficial to the lungs.
Poultry and egg meat, mulberry, black sesame, medlar and so on to the kidney, have the effect of tonifying kidney and essence.
Traditional health care believes that food is divided into different types. The foods used for supplementing mainly include the following four categories: qi food: rice, millet, yellow rice, glutinous rice, barley, wheat, buckwheat, soybean, white lentils., peas, potatoes, sweet potatoes, yam, carrots, mushrooms, chicken, beef, rabbit, herring, squid, etc.
銆€銆€Blood-filled foods: carrots, longan meat, lychee meat, mulberry, blood tofu, animal liver, animal meat, sea cucumber, flat fish, etc.
銆€銆€Bu Yang food: leeks, peas, kidney beans, walnuts, lamb, dog meat, venison, animal kidneys, pigeon eggs, squid, shrimp, mussels, etc.
銆€銆€Nourishing yin food: cabbage, pear, grape, mulberry, hazelnut, black sesame, white fungus, black fungus, lily, milk, pork, turtle, turtle, squid and so on.
銆€銆€The four major feeding methods of diet and health The traditional methods of supplementing diet are mainly the method of flat supplement, clearing, warming and sufficiency. The essence is to replace different foods according to the nature of the food.
銆€銆€The flat complement method refers to the method of applying the food of a peaceful nature to make up the benefits, and is more suitable for people with physical weakness in the general population.
This method uses most cereals, beans, most vegetables and fruits and eggs and meat.
These foods are not cold or hot, the nature is calm, nourishing blood and yin and yang, and can be eaten all year round.
銆€銆€The method of replenishment refers to the method of replenishing foods with a cold or diarrhea effect, which is more suitable for people who are biased towards the actual hot body, or used in summer and autumn.
The methods used in this method are mostly cold foods such as millet, radish, melon, watermelon, pear, etc. These foods have clearing heat and laxative, promote peristalsis, enhance absorption function, seek remedy in diarrhea, and eliminate the effect of tonifying deficiency.
銆€銆€The warming method refers to the method of applying warm food to replenish. It is more suitable for people who are weak due to yang and have symptoms such as chills, cold limbs and fatigue. It should be used in winter and spring.
Mutton, dog meat, river prawn, sea shrimp, jujube, longan meat and other warm foods have the functions of warming kidney yang, warming the cold and enhancing sexual function. They are all foods that can be selected by the warming method.
銆€銆€The sufficiency method refers to the supplement of the application of the replenishing effect, and the method of replenishing the food with faster effect is more suitable for the people who need to be tonic as soon as possible, but should pay attention to the physical fitness, season, condition and other conditions to make up.
The foods often supplemented by the sacred method include lamb, dog meat, venison, animal kidneys, turtles, turtle meat, fish, yellow croaker, and squid.
銆€銆€The three taboo diet contraindications for diet and health, commonly known as 鈥渢aboo鈥? refer to the diet or unreasonable diet that is inappropriate for the body.
It is generally believed that there are three taboos in diet and health: avoid eating raw vegetables and fruits in large quantities, although they can get vitamins, but they are easy to hurt the spleen and stomach, especially for those with spleen and stomach deficiency.
銆€銆€Avoid excessive greasy consumption of oyster sauce, fatty meat, dietary food, easy to cause dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis.
銆€銆€Avoid sticky slippery eating glutinous rice, barley and other foods, easy to cause indigestion.
銆€銆€In addition, dietary contraindications should also pay attention to the following aspects: 1, different seasons of dietary taboos, according to different seasons, appropriate replacement of cold, warm, peaceful and other types of food.
If the weather is hot in summer, it is not advisable to eat chili, cinnamon and other spicy foods. It is also necessary to limit the intake of warm meat to avoid the heat of the sun. In cold winter weather, cold and cold foods should be avoided.
銆€銆€2, different constitutional dietary taboos are based on the body’s different physical fitness to choose food.
For those who are physically fit, it is not advisable to eat too much ointment (fat and fine) thick and spicy.
Those who are weak in constitution are less likely to eat cold fruits and vegetables.
Because of yang deficiency, there are symptoms such as chills and cold limbs, and Shenpi fatigue, but should avoid using cold snails such as snails and crab meat.
Yin deficiency and five upset hot, dry mouth and throat and other symptoms, diet should be based on light, and avoid spicy heat and warmth.
銆€銆€3, dietary contraindications for different diseases, according to the nature of the disease to replace food.
Such as heat disease, avoid using hot food, such as lamb, dog meat, pepper, pepper and so on.
Those suffering from sores and swollen poisons should be fasted to fish and shrimp foods.
銆€銆€Four seasons diet health method Spring diet health staple food choice of high-transition foods to ensure adequate quality protein to ensure adequate vitamins early spring period: for the winter and spring exchange, even if the cold, the human body consumption time is shortened, so it is appropriate to eat more warmfood.
The principle of diet is to choose a higher amount of staple food, and pay attention to add enough protein.
In addition to rice noodles in the diet, some beans, peanuts, dairy products, etc. can be added.
銆€銆€Early spring: When the weather changes, the temperature is suddenly hot and cold, and the change is broken. You can refer to the diet in the early spring.
When the temperature is high, it can increase the food consumption of vegetables and reduce the consumption of meat.銆€銆€Early spring: When the spring and summer exchange, the temperature is hot, so it is advisable to eat light food.
The principle of diet is to choose a light food, and pay attention to add enough vitamins, such as diet should be appropriate to increase the greens.
銆€銆€Spring diet should avoid cold and greasy products. Traditional medicine also believes that when the liver is vigorous in spring, it is not advisable to eat more sour foods, so as not to make the liver gas too strong and damage the spleen and stomach.
銆€銆€The summer diet is mainly light, ensuring sufficient vitamins to ensure that the excess inorganic salt is added to the protein. Because of the hot summer sweat, the body loses more water, and the spleen and stomach have poorer digestion function. Therefore, more food is a summer diet.An important method.
Such as early, late eating porridge, soup at lunch, this can not only thirst, cool and relieve heat, but also nourish the body.
Add some lotus leaves when cooking porridge, called lotus leaf porridge, tastes fragrant, slightly bitter taste in porridge, spleen appetite, digestion heat, nourishing stomach and intestines, and thirst.
Add some mung beans or simmered soup with green beans when cooking porridge. It has the functions of eliminating heat and quenching thirst, clearing away heat and detoxifying, and producing diuretic and diuretic.
銆€銆€The nutrient consumption in summer increases, and the hot weather affects people’s appetite, so pay attention to supplementing high-quality protein such as fish, lean meat, eggs, milk and beans; eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, such as tomatoes., green pepper, melon, watermelon, bayberry, melon, peach, plum, pear and other accumulated vitamins; add enough water and inorganic salts (such as sodium, potassium, calcium, etc.), especially pay attention to potassium supplements, beans or beansProducts, mushrooms, fruits, vegetables, etc. are a good source of potassium; eat more hot and humid food, such as watermelon, bitter gourd, peach, ebony, strawberry, tomato, cucumber, mung bean and so on.
銆€銆€In the summer, pay special attention to drinking more water to supplement the body’s water loss caused by sweating.
Tea is the best in the summer drink, especially green tea, which has the effect of quenching thirst and clearing away heat and purging fire.
Drinking water should pay attention to 4 points: 1, daily drinking water 1500?
2000 ml, alternating from time to time, do not drink when you are thirsty.
銆€銆€2, when thirsty, it is not advisable to drink too much water to avoid stomach discomfort.
銆€銆€3, before meals and meals should not drink boiled water, so as not to dilute the gastric juice affects digestion.
銆€銆€4, do not eat cold drinks.
銆€銆€Autumn diet health diet with vegetarian diet with more cool and juicy vegetables and fruits, the right amount of protein and inorganic salts (such as sodium, potassium, calcium, etc.) in the early fall: the use of warm and dry diet health methods should be based on heat and moisture.
The method of diet and health should adhere to the diet of two porridge and one soup, namely, porridge for breakfast and dinner, and soup for lunch, but the content of porridge soup is different.
Traditional health studies believe that dryness is the most vulnerable to lung injury. When adding porridge, add some chopped pear pieces. It has the effect of thirst, nourishing yin and moistening, relieving cough and removing phlegm. It is suitable for autumn dry mouth and dry mouth.edible.
Add some lilies when cooking porridge, have the effect of moistening the lungs and relieving cough, nourishing the heart and soothe the nerves. It is suitable for dry cough and less phlegm in autumn, and more insomnia.
When adding porridge, add some white fungus that has been used with water. It has the effect of nourishing Yin and moistening the lungs, nourishing the stomach and strengthening the body. It is suitable for people with weak body and high blood pressure, abnormal blood lipids and chronic bronchitis.
The soups are preferably tomato and egg soup, rich in protein and vitamins and beneficial for digestion and absorption.
銆€銆€Late autumn: The method of eating and cooling for the cold and dry diet should be based on cold and moisturizing.
In addition to nourishing yin and moistening, the dietary principle should increase the protein and the food with higher conversion.
Porridge is still the main method, such as pear porridge, lily porridge, white fungus porridge can be eaten, but also add some lean meat porridge, such as adding lean meat, preserved eggs, etc. to add protein consumption.
More than eating chestnut porridge, sweet-scented osmanthus porridge, longan meat porridge, jujube porridge, etc., and eat some warm fruits and vegetables, such as pumpkin, onion ginger, coriander, peach, apricot, jujube, lychee, ebony and so on.
銆€銆€Eat a moderate amount of food in the winter diet to increase the intake of warm foods to supplement enough vitamins and minerals.
銆€銆€Traditional health studies believe that cold is the mainstay of winter, the principle of health is warm to avoid cold, convergence of yin and yin, based on collection, is the best season to supplement in the four seasons.
Modern medicine also believes that the human body is affected by cold weather during the winter, and the secretory function of the endocrine glands such as the thyroid gland and adrenal gland is enhanced to promote the body’s resistance against cold.
In the winter, you should eat more whole grains and add enough protein, vitamins, minerals and proper amount of cockroaches.
Traditional health care believes that more foods that are warmer than warm foods, especially those that can warm the kidney and yang, should be used to enhance the body’s ability to protect the cold.
Here are a few of the methods that are suitable for winter tonic.
銆€銆€1, Angelica ginger mutton soup: 20 grams of angelica, 30 grams of ginger, 500 grams of mutton, rice wine, seasoning amount.
Wash the mutton, cut into pieces, add angelica, ginger, rice wine and seasoning, stew 1?
2 hours, eat meat and drink soup.
It has the effect of warming the blood and tonifying the cold and strengthening the body. It is suitable for people who are weak in fatigue, pale, chills and cold and other yang.
銆€銆€2, deer kidney red ginseng porridge: deer kidney (or sheep kidney) 1, red ginseng 3 grams, 100 grams of rice, seasoning instead.
Cut the deer kidney, remove the internal white ribs, cut into pieces, red ginseng as a broken powder, wash the rice, add appropriate amount of water and seasoning, cook for 1 hour.
Beneficial aphrodisiac, filling the role of fine marrow, suitable for weak and weak, waist and knees, cold, cold, deafness, tinnitus, sexual dysfunction and other kidney deficiency.
銆€銆€3, walnuts cake: walnut kernel (or walnut kernel) 50 grams, 250 grams of flour, sugar seasoning, the walnut kernels into a broken powder, mixed with flour, add water, stir well, branded as a pancake.
It has the function of tonifying the kidney and protecting the cold, and relaxing the bowel and laxative. It is suitable for people with kidney deficiency, low back pain, soft legs, chills and cold, dry stools and other lung and kidney deficiency.
銆€銆€4, ginseng lamb: 10 grams of red ginseng, 20 grams of angelica, 500 grams of mutton, seasoning.
Wash the mutton and cut into pieces, and put it into the casserole with red ginseng, angelica and seasoning. Add some water and cook with slow simmer 1?
2 hours, when the water is dry, the mutton is cooked and stopped.
Beneficial gas and blood, strong body cold resistance.
Applicable to people with weak constitution, pale face, weakness of limbs, chills and cold, and other qi and blood deficiency.